- Explain the principles of camera construction, what the camera lens does, the effect of light upon the sensitive film, and the action of developers.
- What is meant by the “speed” of the film? What does ASA/ISO mean?
- How are shutter speed, lens aperture, and film speed related?
- Give the principal uses of photography.
- Take print or slide pictures illustrating at least eight of the following techniques. Use comparison pictures for illustration:
- Camera steadiness
- Direction of lighting – front, backlighting, side
- Panning – background blurred with subject in focus
- Rule of thirds
- Angle – eye level, high and low angle
- Level horizon
- Distance from subject – fill the frame
- Use of leading lines
- Quality of light – shade, sunlight, and time of day
- Correct exposure – underexposed, overexposed, and correctly exposed
- Use of flash – distance and reflective objects
- Do one of the following:
- Tell how black and white film is developed into negatives and how prints are made.
- Develop and print eight of your own pictures, explaining each step.
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