Abseiling

Recreation

Level: 1

Requirements

Section 1

Safety

  • Do the following:
    • List and explain the safety rules
    • Explain the “dangers of falling” chart
  • Explain the uses of the following knots:
    • Tape
    • Alpine butterfly
    • Figure of eight loop
    • Double fishermans
    • Prussik
    • Bowline

Setup

  • Draw the diagrams for the setting up of the following abseil descents:
    • Single rope technique
    • Canyoning setup
  • Know the ways to identify safe anchors in various circumstances, e.g. trees, boulders, bollards. Belaying
  • Explain the various verbal calls.
  • Explain the principle of belaying and the three methods used, and give the advantages and disadvantages of each method:
    • Body belay
    • Mechanical belay
    • Base belay

Care of Equipment

  • List the rules for care of ropes.
  • Explain the difference between dynamic and static rope.
  • Know the right type of equipment needed for abseiling.
  • Know the best way to store your ropes, e.g. coiling and chaining.

Descenders

  • Do the following
    • Know which descending device to use in different abseils.
    • Give reasons why you chose that device, e.g. on/off time, security, heat, versatility, etc.

First Aid

  • Know about how to treat a patient for the following injuries:
    • Sprains
    • Concussion
    • Hypothermia
    • Broken bone
    • Shock

Cliff Rescue

  • Explain how to perform the following rescues:
    • The pulley system
    • The change-over method

Section 2 

  • Pass the abseiling exam with a pass mark of 60%. The exam is available from the conference youth ministries office, or through the instructor.

Verbal Testing

  • Answer the questions on the following topics:
    • Uses of the six abseiling knots
    • What are, and give the meaning of the standard climbing calls
    • Uses of various descenders
    • Give seven rules for are of rope
    • Give seven rules for safety
    • Know about first aid and how to treat patients
    • Give five ways to detect faults of ropes

Practical Testing

  • Perform the following tasks:
    • Tie the six knots
    • Set up the single rope setup and canyoning setup
    • Witness a cliff rescue demonstrated by the instructor
    • Coil and chain a rope
    • Set up the belay methods

Abseiling

  • From a minimum height of 10 meters, complete two abseils on each of the following devices, and know how to attach them to the rope:
    • Whale tail
    • Robot
    • Harpoon (easy access)
    • Figure of eight
    • Piton-brake bar
    • Rappel-rack
    • Harpoon (conventional)
    • Cross karabiner
  • Explain how to do the classic abseil, and over the shoulder abseil, for emergency use.
  • Be able to prussik a ten-meter cliff


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